|Labeler Name||Eli Lilly and Company|
|Dosage & Substance||injection, solution dulaglutide|
|Date First Marketed||November 07, 2014|
TRULICITY® is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
1.1 Limitations of Use
- TRULICITY is not recommended as a first-line therapy for patients who have inadequate glycemic control on diet and exercise because of the uncertain relevance of rodent C-cell tumor findings to humans. Prescribe TRULICITY only to patients for whom the potential benefits outweigh the potential risk
- TRULICITY has not been studied in patients with a history of pancreatitis Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with a history of pancreatitis.
- TRULICITY should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. TRULICITY is not a substitute for insulin.
- TRULICITY has not been studied in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease, including severe gastroparesis. The use of TRULICITY is not recommended in patients with pre-existing severe gastrointestinal disease
4.1 Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma
TRULICITY is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) or in patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2).
TRULICITY is contraindicated in patients with a prior serious hypersensitivity reaction to dulaglutide or to any of the product components
The following serious reactions are described below or elsewhere in the prescribing information:
- Risk of Thyroid C-cell Tumors
- Hypoglycemia with Concomitant Use of Insulin Secretagogues or Insulin
- Hypersensitivity reactions
- Renal impairment
- Severe Gastrointestinal Disease
6.1 Clinical Studies Experience
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Pool of Placebo-controlled Trials
The data in Table 1 are derived from the placebo-controlled trials.
These data reflect exposure of 1670 patients to TRULICITY and a mean duration of exposure to TRULICITY of 23.8 weeks. Across the treatment arms, the mean age of patients was 56 years, 1% were 75 years or older and 53% were male. The population in these studies was 69% White, 7% Black or African American, 13% Asian; 30% were of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. At baseline, the population had diabetes for an average of 8.0 years and had a mean HbA1c of 8.0%. At baseline, 2.5% of the population reported retinopathy. Baseline estimated renal function was normal or mildly impaired (eGFR ≥60mL/min/1.73 m2) in 96.0% of the pooled study populations.
Table 1 shows common adverse reactions, excluding hypoglycemia, associated with the use of TRULICITY in the pool of placebo-controlled trials. These adverse reactions were not present at baseline, occurred more commonly on TRULICITY than on placebo, and occurred in at least 5% of patients treated with TRULICITY.
a Includes diarrhea, fecal volume increased, frequent bowel movements.
b Includes retching, vomiting, vomiting projectile.
c Includes abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, abdominal tenderness, gastrointestinal pain.
d Includes fatigue, asthenia, malaise.
Note: Percentages reflect the number of patients that reported at least 1 treatment-emergent occurrence of the adverse reaction.
|Adverse Reaction||Placebo |
|TRULICITY 0.75 mg |
|TRULICITY 1.5 mg |
In the pool of placebo-controlled trials, gastrointestinal adverse reactions occurred more frequently among patients receiving TRULICITY than placebo (placebo 21.3%, 0.75 mg 31.6%, 1.5 mg 41.0%). More patients receiving TRULICITY 0.75 mg (1.3%) and TRULICITY 1.5 mg (3.5%) discontinued treatment due to gastrointestinal adverse reactions than patients receiving placebo (0.2%). Investigators graded the severity of gastrointestinal adverse reactions occurring on 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg of TRULICITY as “mild” in 58% and 48% of cases, respectively, “moderate” in 35% and 42% of cases, respectively, or “severe” in 7% and 11% of cases, respectively.
In addition to the reactions in Table 1, the following adverse reactions were reported more frequently in TRULICITY-treated patients than placebo (frequencies listed, respectively, as: placebo; 0.75 mg; 1.5 mg): constipation (0.7%, 3.9%, 3.7%), flatulence (1.4%, 1.4%, 3.4%), abdominal distension (0.7%, 2.9%, 2.3%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (0.5%, 1.7%, 2.0%), and eructation (0.2%, 0.6%, 1.6%).
Pool of Placebo- and Active-Controlled Trials
The occurrence of adverse reactions was also evaluated in a larger pool of patients with type 2 diabetes participating in 6 placebo- and active-controlled trials evaluating the use of TRULICITY as monotherapy and add-on therapy to oral medications or insulin.[see Clinical Studies (14)]. In this pool, a total of 3342 patients with type 2 diabetes were treated with TRULICITY for a mean duration of 52 weeks. The mean age of patients was 56 years, 2% were 75 years or older and 51% were male. The population in these studies was 71% White, 7% Black or African American, 11% Asian; 32% were of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. At baseline, the population had diabetes for an average of 8.2 years and had a mean HbA1c of 7.6-8.5%. At baseline, 5.2% of the population reported retinopathy. Baseline estimated renal function was normal or mildly impaired (eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2) in 95.7% of the TRULICITY population.
In the pool of placebo- and active-controlled trials, the types and frequency of common adverse reactions, excluding hypoglycemia, were similar to those listed in Table 1.
Other Adverse Reactions
Table 2 summarizes the incidence of documented symptomatic (≤70 mg/dL glucose threshold) and severe hypoglycemia in the placebo-controlled clinical studies.
|Placebo||TRULICITY 0.75 mg||TRULICITY 1.5 mg|
|Add-on to Metformin|
|Add-on to Metformin + Pioglitazone|
|Add-on to Glimepiride|
|In Combination with Insulin Glargine ± Metformin|
Hypoglycemia was more frequent when TRULICITY was used in combination with a sulfonylurea or insulin In a 78-week clinical trial, documented symptomatic hypoglycemia occurred in 39% and 40% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, was co-administered with a sulfonylurea. Severe hypoglycemia occurred in 0% and 0.7% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, was co-administered with a sulfonylurea. Documented symptomatic hypoglycemia occurred in 85% and 80% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, was co-administered with prandial insulin. Severe hypoglycemia occurred in 2.4% and 3.4% of patients when TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg, respectively, was co-administered with prandial insulin.
TRULICITY 0.75 mg and 1.5 mg resulted in a mean increase in heart rate (HR) of 2-4 beats per minute (bpm). The long-term clinical effects of the increase in HR have not been established.
Adverse reactions of sinus tachycardia were reported more frequently in patients exposed to TRULICITY. Sinus tachycardia was reported in 3.0%, 2.8%, and 5.6% of patient treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively. Persistence of sinus tachycardia (reported at more than 2 visits) was reported in 0.2%, 0.4% and 1.6% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively. Episodes of sinus tachycardia, associated with a concomitant increase from baseline in heart rate of ≥15 beats per minute, were reported in 0.7%, 1.3% and 2.2% of patient treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively.
Across four Phase 2 and five Phase 3 clinical studies, 64 (1.6%) TRULICITY-treated patients developed anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) to the active ingredient in TRULICITY (i.e., dulaglutide).
Of the 64 dulaglutide-treated patients that developed dulaglutide ADAs, 34 patients (0.9% of the overall population) had dulaglutide-neutralizing antibodies, and 36 patients (0.9% of the overall population) developed antibodies against native GLP-1.
The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, the incidence of antibodies to dulaglutide cannot be directly compared with the incidence of antibodies of other products.
Systemic hypersensitivity adverse reactions sometimes severe (e.g., severe urticaria, systemic rash, facial edema, lip swelling) occurred in 0.5% of patients on TRULICITY in the four Phase 2 and five Phase 3 studies.
In the placebo-controlled studies, injection-site reactions (e.g., injection-site rash, erythema) were reported in 0.5% of TRULICITY-treated patients and in 0.0% of placebo-treated patients.
A mean increase from baseline in PR interval of 2-3 milliseconds was observed in TRULICITY-treated patients in contrast to a mean decrease of 0.9 milliseconds in placebo-treated patients. The adverse reaction of first degree AV block occurred more frequently in patients treated with TRULICITY than placebo (0.9%, 1.7% and 2.3% for placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively). On electrocardiograms, a PR interval increase to at least 220 milliseconds was observed in 0.7%, 2.5% and 3.2% of patients treated with placebo, TRULICITY 0.75 mg and TRULICITY 1.5 mg, respectively.
Patients exposed to TRULICITY had mean increases from baseline in lipase and/or pancreatic amylase of 14% to 20%, while placebo-treated patients had mean increases of up to 3%.
6.2 Postmarketing Experience
The following additional adverse reactions have been reported during post-approval use of TRULICITY. Because these events are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is generally not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
- Anaphylactic reactions.
5.1 Risk of Thyroid C-cell Tumors
In male and female rats, dulaglutide causes a dose-related and treatment-duration-dependent increase in the incidence of thyroid C-cell tumors (adenomas and carcinomas) after lifetime exposure. Glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) receptor agonists have induced thyroid C-cell adenomas and carcinomas in mice and rats at clinically relevant exposures. It is unknown whether TRULICITY will cause thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), in humans, as the human relevance of dulaglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined.
One case of MTC was reported in a patient treated with TRULICITY. This patient had pretreatment calcitonin levels approximately 8 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). Cases of MTC in patients treated with liraglutide, another GLP-1 receptor agonist, have been reported in the postmarketing period; the data in these reports are insufficient to establish or exclude a causal relationship between MTC and GLP-1 receptor agonist use in humans.
TRULICITY is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC or in patients with MEN 2. Counsel patients regarding the potential risk for MTC with the use of TRULICITY and inform them of symptoms of thyroid tumors (e.g. a mass in the neck, dysphagia, dyspnea, persistent hoarseness).
Routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with TRULICITY. Such monitoring may increase the risk of unnecessary procedures, due to the low test specificity for serum calcitonin and a high background incidence of thyroid disease. Significantly elevated serum calcitonin value may indicate MTC and patients with MTC usually have calcitonin values >50 ng/L. If serum calcitonin is measured and found to be elevated, the patient should be further evaluated. Patients with thyroid nodules noted on physical examination or neck imaging should also be further evaluated.
In Phase 2 and Phase 3 clinical studies, 12 (3.4 cases per 1000 patient years) pancreatitis-related adverse reactions were reported in patients exposed to TRULICITY versus 3 in non-incretin comparators (2.7 cases per 1000 patient years). An analysis of adjudicated events revealed 5 cases of confirmed pancreatitis in patients exposed to TRULICITY (1.4 cases per 1000 patient years) versus 1 case in non-incretin comparators (0.88 cases per 1000 patient years).
After initiation of TRULICITY, observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis, including persistent severe abdominal pain. If pancreatitis is suspected, promptly discontinue TRULICITY. If pancreatitis is confirmed, TRULICITY should not be restarted. TRULICITY has not been evaluated in patients with a prior history of pancreatitis. Consider other antidiabetic therapies in patients with a history of pancreatitis.
5.3 Hypoglycemia with Concomitant Use of Insulin Secretagogues or Insulin
The risk of hypoglycemia is increased when TRULICITY is used in combination with insulin secretagogues (e.g., sulfonylureas) or insulin. Patients may require a lower dose of sulfonylurea or insulin to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia in this setting.
5.4 Hypersensitivity Reactions
5.5 Renal Impairment
In patients treated with GLP-1 receptor agonists, there have been postmarketing reports of acute renal failure and worsening of chronic renal failure, which may sometimes require hemodialysis. Some of these events were reported in patients without known underlying renal disease. A majority of reported events occurred in patients who had experienced nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration. Because these reactions may worsen renal function, use caution when initiating or escalating doses of TRULICITY in patients with renal impairment. Monitor renal function in patients with renal impairment reporting severe adverse gastrointestinal reactions
5.6 Severe Gastrointestinal Disease
Use of TRULICITY may be associated with gastrointestinal adverse reactions, sometimes severe. TRULICITY has not been studied in patients with severe gastrointestinal disease, including severe gastroparesis, and is therefore not recommended in these patients.
5.7 Macrovascular Outcomes
There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with TRULICITY.
This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Revised: January 2017
|Medication Guide |
TRULICITY® (Trū-li-si-tee) (dulaglutide)
injection, for subcutaneous use
|Read this Medication Guide before you start using TRULICITY and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.|
What is the most important information I should know about TRULICITY?
TRULICITY may cause serious side effects, including:
|What is TRULICITY? |
TRULICITY is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and should be used along with diet and exercise.
|Do not use TRULICITY if: |
|Before using TRULICITY, tell your healthcare provider if you have any medical conditions including: |
Before using TRULICITY, talk to your healthcare provider about low blood sugar and how to manage it. Tell your healthcare provider if you are taking other medicines to treat diabetes including insulin or sulfonylureas.
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
|How should I use TRULICITY? |
|What are the possible side effects of TRULICITY? |
TRULICITY may cause serious side effects, including:
| || || |
Talk to your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of TRULICITY.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
|General information about the safe and effective use of TRULICITY. |
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use TRULICITY for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give TRULICITY to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about TRULICITY. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about TRULICITY that is written for health professionals.
|What are the ingredients in TRULICITY? |
Active ingredient: dulaglutide
Inactive ingredients: citric acid anhydrous, mannitol, polysorbate 80, and trisodium citrate dihydrate
TRULICITY is a registered trademark of Eli Lilly and Company.
Manufactured by: Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA, US License Number 1891
For more information go to www.TRULICITY.com or call 1-800-545-5979.
Copyright © 2014, 2017 Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.
Overdoses have been reported in clinical studies. Effects associated with these overdoses were primarily mild or moderate gastrointestinal events (e.g., nausea, vomiting) and non-severe hypoglycemia. In the event of overdose, appropriate supportive care (including frequent plasma glucose monitoring) should be initiated according to the patient’s clinical signs and symptoms.
TRULICITY contains dulaglutide, a human GLP-1 receptor agonist. The molecule is a fusion protein that consists of 2 identical, disulfide-linked chains, each containing an N-terminal GLP-1 analog sequence covalently linked to the Fc portion of a modified human immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) heavy chain by a small peptide linker and is produced using mammalian cell culture. The GLP-1 analog portion of dulaglutide is 90% homologous to native human GLP-1 (7-37). Structural modifications were introduced in the GLP-1 part of the molecule responsible for interaction with the enzyme dipeptidyl-peptidase-IV (DPP-4). Additional modifications were made in an area with a potential T-cell epitope and in the areas of the IgG4 Fc part of the molecule responsible for binding the high-affinity Fc receptors and half-antibody formation. The overall molecular weight of dulaglutide is approximately 63 kilodaltons.
TRULICITY is a clear, colorless, sterile solution. Each 0.5 mL of TRULICITY solution contains 0.75 mg or 1.5 mg of dulaglutide. Each single-dose pen or prefilled syringe contains 0.5 mL of solution and the following excipients: citric acid anhydrous (0.07 mg), mannitol (23.2 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.10 mg), trisodium citrate dihydrate (1.37 mg), in water for injection.